Morocco (Berber: Tagldit n Umrruk, Arabic: Al-Mamlaka al-Maghribiyya, “kingdom of the West”) is a state dell’Africasettentrionale, in the western part of the region also known as the Maghreb. It owes its name to the city of Marrakech. The word derives from Marrakech Berber language Mur-Akush, meaning Land of God, this name was associated with this city by its founder Yusuf ibn Tashfin. Its coasts are bathed by the Mediterranean Sea in the north, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west across the stretch of the Strait of Gibraltar. The land borders are with Algeria alone, in the east and southeast, and the territory of Western Sahara to the south (Morocco claiming sovereignty over this territory, the southern boundary is considered to be from Morocco Mauritania). But there are also four Spanish enclaves in part overlooking the Mediterranean cities of Ceuta and Melilla, the peninsula of Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera and the island of Rock of Alhucemas. The islands Chafarinas, on the Mediterranean coast, 45 km to the east of Melilla belong to Spain, as well as the Canary Islands off the coast of the more southern Atlantic coast of Morocco. Finally, the island Perejil, an uninhabited rock in the Strait of Gibraltar, is still disputed between Spain and Morocco.
Morocco is a constitutional monarchy: the current monarch Mohammed VI, and the head of government Abbas El Fassi. The country’s official language is Arabic and also the Berber (The new constitution would also make the Amazigh as an official language along with Arabic), Arabic is the most widely spoken language and spoken by the Moroccan people, the Frenchman is a widespread second language, and is widely used in the administration, in higher education and businesses
Most Moroccans professes Islam. In addition to the Muslims in Morocco there are about 60,000 Catholics, mostly French, and 15,000 Jews. The traditional North African Islam has some special features such as the cult of the saints and marabouts (Sidi), whose tombs are the subject of pilgrimages. Compared to neighboring Algeria, in Morocco are much less numerous and widespread the phenomenon of terrorism. Although the king is considered a descendant of the Prophet and “Prince of the believers,” the legislation is considerably secular, in particular with a code of family law (Mudawana), reformed in 2004, which protects women far more than it does the legislation based on Islamic states to other Muslim majority. Even the use of alcohol, although forbidden by Islamic law, it is punishable by law in Morocco. In addition, following the Western calendar is that, in major cities and / or the more touristy, very often it is Sunday and not Friday, the day of rest.
Morocco is emerging as one of the major tourist destinations in North Africa, in particular with regard to the organized tourism. The most visited destinations are the so-called imperial cities and the Sahara desert. You can find: a cultural tourism (Berber civilization, Phoenician, Roman, Arabic, Spanish and French) are natural (from the snowy peaks of the Atlas to the Sahara Desert) and bathing beaches with Atlantic and Mediterranean. The number of tourists in recent years is estimated at just over five million, half from Europe, led by France, Germany and Spain.
Climate in Morocco
Town Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Agadir 20 21 22 24 24 26 27 26 26 26 24 20
Casablanca 17 17 19 20 22 24 27 27 27 25 20 18
Essouira 18 18 18 19 20 20 22 21 21 21 19 19
Fes 16 17 19 22 26 31 36 36 32 27 19 16
Marrakech 19 19 23 26 29 33 39 38 33 28 21 19
Ouarzazate 17 19 23 27 30 36 39 38 33 27 21 17